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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 138-139

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration from pericardial lesion: A case of metastatic pericardial involvement from breast malignancy

1 Institute of Digestive and Hepatoboliary Sciences, Medanta The Medicity, Gurugram, Haryana, India
2 Department of Pathology, Medanta The Medicity, Gurugram, Haryana, India

Date of Web Publication30-Aug-2018

Correspondence Address:
Rajesh Puri
Medanta The Medicity, Gurugram, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jde.JDE_17_18

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Tissue acquisition from mediastinum is difficult due to anatomic location and presence of vessels. Endoscopic ultrasound provides access to difficult mediastinal locations that are near esophagus. We describe a case of pericardial lesion, endoscopic ultrasound guided guided fine needle aspiration cytology was done and the lesion proved to be metastatic in nature.

Keywords: Endoscopic ultrasound, fine-needle aspiration, metastasis, pericardium

How to cite this article:
Choudhary NS, Nasa M, Bansal RK, Sarin H, Puri R. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration from pericardial lesion: A case of metastatic pericardial involvement from breast malignancy. J Dig Endosc 2018;9:138-9

How to cite this URL:
Choudhary NS, Nasa M, Bansal RK, Sarin H, Puri R. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration from pericardial lesion: A case of metastatic pericardial involvement from breast malignancy. J Dig Endosc [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 May 19];9:138-9. Available from: http://www.jdeonline.in/text.asp?2018/9/3/138/240208

  Introduction Top

The conventional approaches of tissue acquisition from mediastinum are CT guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) or mediastinoscopy which is invasive. As EUS scope remains in esophagus, it provides access to mediastinum from proximity and vessels are avoided easily. It has been proved to be very safe and accurate for diagnosis of mediastinal lesions that are visible from esophagus. We present a case of EUS guided FNA from pericardial lesion.

  Case Report Top

A 34-year-old female had mastectomy followed by chemotherapy for carcinoma breast in 2006. She had local axillary recurrence after 2 years after surgery for which she received chemotherapy. She complained back pain in 2011 and was diagnosed to have lytic spinal lesions in 2011 for which she received radiotherapy and was on kept on hormonal therapy. She was doing well. A surveillance positron-emission tomography–computed tomography in 2016 showed posterior pericardial lesion (near left atrium) measuring 3.2 cm × 1.6 cm as shown in [Figure 1]. An endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) was done which showed irregularly thickened pericardium with encasing of a pulmonary vein as shown in [Figure 2] and [Figure 3]. EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) was done from pericardial thickening with 25 G needle [Figure 4], a total of 2 passes were made, and on-site cytopathologist was kept to avoid unnecessary FNA passes. The aspirate was positive for malignant cells as shown in [Figure 5].
Figure 1: Positron-emission tomography contrast-enhanced computer tomography image showing fluorine deoxyglucose avidity along posterior pericardium

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Figure 2: Endoscopic ultrasound image showing posterior pericardial deposit encasing pulmonary vein

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Figure 3: Endoscopic ultrasound image with Doppler showing pericardial deposit with pulmonary vein involvement

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Figure 4: Endoscopic ultrasound image showing fine needle aspiration needle into posterior pericardial deposit

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Figure 5: Microscopic image (×40) showing pleomorphic cells with increased nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio

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  Discussion Top

The malignant lesions of heart are rare. In an autopsy series of 12,485 cases, malignant lesions of heart were present in 1.23%.[1] In autopsies with a known malignancy, the cardiac involvement is seen in approximately 10% of cases.[2],[3] The common tumors with metastatic cardiac involvement in females are lungs, lymphoma, and breast.[1] Carcinoma breast appearing as cardiac metastasis after a long time of mastectomy is reported.[4] Use of EUS-guided FNA has been described for pericardial lesion.[5] EUS is ideal method for FNA of such pericardial lesions as echoendoscope is placed in esophagus (proximity to target lesion), real-time monitoring of FNA procedure is possible, and it provides option of Doppler to avoid vascular structures.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Lam KY, Dickens P, Chan AC. Tumors of the heart. A 20-year experience with a review of 12,485 consecutive autopsies. Arch Pathol Lab Med 1993;117:1027-31.  Back to cited text no. 1
Abraham KP, Reddy V, Gattuso P. Neoplasms metastatic to the heart: Review of 3314 consecutive autopsies. Am J Cardiovasc Pathol 1990;3:195-8.  Back to cited text no. 2
Klatt EC, Heitz DR. Cardiac metastases. Cancer 1990;65:1456-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
Katalinic D, Stern-Padovan R, Ivanac I, Aleric I, Tentor D, Nikolac N, et al. Symptomatic cardiac metastases of breast cancer 27 years after mastectomy: A case report with literature review – Pathophysiology of molecular mechanisms and metastatic pathways, clinical aspects, diagnostic procedures and treatment modalities. World J Surg Oncol 2013;11:14.  Back to cited text no. 4
Somani P, Sharma M, Patil A, Kumar A. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of a pericardial mass. Endoscopy 2016;48 Suppl 1:E45-6.  Back to cited text no. 5


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5]


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